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‘Opportunity Dashboard’ Indicator

The Every Student Succeeds Act, to help ensure opportunity for all students regardless of ZIP code, requires state accountability systems to include at least one “Opportunity Dashboard” indicator of school quality or student success.


  • Under ESSA, state-designed accountability systems must include the following indicators:
  • 1. Math, reading assessments

    2. Graduation rates

    3. Another statewide indicator for middle and elementary schools

    4. English Language Proficiency

    5. At least one indicator of school quality and student support (the “Opportunity Dashboard” Indicator), such as:

         a. Student engagement;

         b. Educator engagement;

         c. Student access to and completion of advanced coursework;

         d. Postsecondary readiness;

         e. School climate and safety; and

         f. Any other state-chosen indicator that allows for meaningful differentiation of school performance, and is valid, reliable, comparable, and statewide

  • Every year, the state must meaningfully differentiate all public schools in the state based on ALL of the indicators it includes in its accountability system, for all students and for each subgroup of students. States have a great deal of discretion over these indicators, and states also have the flexibility to determine the weights assigned to each indicator for the purposes of differentiation, so long as Indicators 1-4 weigh more in the aggregate than Indicator(s) 5. States must also differentiate any school in which any subgroup of students is consistently underperforming, as determined by the state, based on all the indicators.
  • States must collect and report on the indicators in its accountability system, disaggregated by student subgroup, and should quickly remedy any gaps in the resources, supports, and programs. The subgroups of students are: 1) economically disadvantaged students; 2) students from major racial and ethnic groups; 3) children with disabilities; and 4) English Learners.
  • Feasibility: All of the examples of indicators of School Quality and Student Success can be measured and disaggregated by these four student subgroups.

Opportunity Dashboard Indicator

  • As educators, parents, community leaders, and policymakers grapple with selecting the right mix of Opportunity Dashboard Indicators to add to states’ accountability systems, examples of these indicators can be found in NEA’s Opportunity Dashboard.

Download this document: "Opportunity Dashboard" Indicator ( PDF, 835 KB, 1 pg.)

SPRING INTO ESSA: Season of Action 

The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) presents an opportunity to ensure success for each and every student. This opportunity will only be realized if educators lead implementation, make our voices heard and work with our communities to advocate on behalf of students. Join us!

Sample School Board Resolution: Click here

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